Shared understanding. During the term of the treaty, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics will not produce, test or use ICBMs of the type called RS-14 by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and known as SS-16 by the United States of America, a light ICBM first tested after 1970 and tested with a single re-entry vehicle; this joint agreement also means that the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics will not produce the third phase of this missile, the re-entry vehicle of this missile or the appropriate device to target the re-entry vehicle of this missile. However, a broad coalition of conservative Republicans and Democrats became increasingly skeptical of the Soviet Union`s crackdown on internal disagreements, its increasingly interventionist foreign policy, and the verification process defined by the treaty. On December 17, 1979, 19 senators wrote to Carter that “the ratification of a SALT II Treaty will not reverse the trends of military balance that concede to the United States.” On December 25, the Soviets invaded Afghanistan, and on January 3, 1980, Carter asked the Senate not to consider Salt II for its advice and approval, and it was never ratified. Washington and Moscow subsequently pledged to abide by the terms of the agreement, although it was not supposed to enter into force. Carter`s successor, Ronald Reagan, a vocal critic of SALT II during the 1980 presidential campaign, agreed to abide by SALT II until it expired on December 31, 1985, while following the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), arguing that research on the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) was maintained in the 1972 ABM Treaty. FOR THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS: L. BREZHNEV General Secretary of the PCSU, Chairman of the Bureau of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 6. Weapons subject to the restrictions provided for in this Treaty shall remain subject to those restrictions until they are dismantled, destroyed or otherwise subject to those restrictions under procedures to be agreed.

Salt II was a series of discussions between American and Soviet negotiators from 1972 to 1979 aimed at limiting the production of strategic nuclear weapons. It was a continuation of the SALT I discussions and chaired by representatives of both countries. .